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We study an intense space charge dominated beam in the realm of beam optics of particle accelerators. We assume an anisotropic beam with different external focussing constants and with different phase space emittances in the two transverse directions. We consider the root mean square moment equations of the beam with linear transverse coupling of particle motion (x and y). Magnetic focussing fields and the space charge Coulombâs self-field forces are expressed in a matrix format and describe the governing equations for the beam outer envelope. By linearizing the equations, we investigate the collective response of ensemble of particles. This response is stated as coherent mode frequencies for the second-order even (envelope) and odd (tilting) oscillation modes of the beam cross section. We discuss the main features of the eigenfrequencies in detail. The approach known as Cherninâs matrix formalism is conceptually equivalent to the second-order moments of the full VlasovâPoisson kinetic equation in four-dimensional phase space. We show that the relations obtained via matrix approach are in full agreement with the eigenfrequencies of transverse oscillations obtained by the linearized kinetic VlasovâPoisson equations.
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